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Understanding websites

As you got to know about the difference between internet and web. Now let us dive deep into what is a website all about. In this article, you will get an idea of Website, Web hosting, Domain name and DNS. By Understanding this, you will be able to jump to the next article.

Let us start now.

What is Website?

The website is a collection of web pages and related information about a business on online. These web pages contain images, text, videos, and links. Web pages are linked to each other by hyperlinks.

I will explain you easy to understand the website; the website is like your home and each page like rooms in your home that contains all things (text, videos, and links).

If you are having a small or big business you should have the website of your business online. You want a website then you have to create the website of your business and you have to understand how the website works to your business.

You may hire a website designer to create and update your web. Once you have created the website then you have to think about the web should exist on the internet.

If you want your website to exist on the internet, you have to choose the right domain name and you have to host your website in web hosting service providers.

Once you host your website with the web hosting provider when the people are typing the website name in the web browser that request has passed to the Domain Name Server (DNS).

Domain Name Server (DNS) will be checking the files in hosting server and collects all files then send back to the web browser. Now you would see your website in the web browser.

You should understand the Domain name and web hosting for the website.

What is Domain name?

Domain name is nothing but the name of your website on the internet. This is the address of your website. People will use to visit your website on the internet. For example to understand, if your website is the house and website name is the address of your house.

domain name

Now I will explain you to understand domain name for the website, how it looks and what are the parts in a domain name.

For Example  https://www.akdigihub.com

The “https://” is part of pages URL (Uniform Resource Locator) but it’s not domain name and is known as the protocol. HTTPS (Hypertext Transfer Protocol Secure) is an extension of the Hypertext Transfer Protocol for secure communication over a computer network and is widely used on the Internet.

A domain consists of Subdomain, Domain name, top level domain (TLD) and each part is separated by (Dot).

A subdomain is “www”.

Domain name is “akdigihub”.

Top Level Domain (TLD) is “.com”.

Subdomains are the third level of the domain’s hierarchy and added in front of the root domain.

For example

https://www.akdigihub.com/   (www is the subdomain)

https://akdigihub.com/  (has no subdomain)

The Top level domains (TLD) are the highest level domain name on the online. When you are buying the domain name, you have to find the right domain name extension that will serve the right purpose.

SEE ALSO:  What is web server and web hosting?

Popular most domain extensions are:

  • .com
  • .net
  • .org
  • .edu
  • .biz

If you want to purchase Domain name GoDaddy is the best.

Domain Name System (DNS)

To understand the how Domain Name System (DNS) works for the website.

Domain name system translates human-readable domain names to machine-readable IP address. Internet address technically IP address”. The IP address is long series of numbers that human can’t remember numbers, IP address like this 192.168.0.1.

People will not remember IP address instead of typing the IP address in a web browser and users are easy to type a website name in the web browser.

Your home address is unique in the world; there also can’t be any duplicate address on the web. People would get confused where to go, so your website name is unique address on the internet.

If you want to have your unique address on the internet, so the website owner can register a website name that will route to that specific IP address.

DNS (Domain Name Server) converts language in internet IP address into real words that can easier to remember humans.

DNS records used to

  1. A record: points a domain name to an IP address.
  2. CNAME records: points a domain name to a domain name.
  3. MX records: points a domain name to the email server.
  4. TXT records: Allow unformatted text to be used to provide additional information about service.

What is web hosting?

web hosting
Source: Quince media

Web hosting provides service to make your website accessible on the internet.

You have created your website and you need to get live on the internet. So you need to purchase the domain name and hosting service.

When you purchase a hosting service you have basically rent some space on a server. A server would store all the files and data for your website and your website is available all the time on the internet.

When a user enters your domain in the browser, domain is translated into the IP address of your web hosting company’s server. The server contains your website files and it sends back those files to the user browser.

Web hosting provider providing server space for your website, they may offer other services related to website management.

  • Email Hosting
  • Developer Tool
  • Customer Support Service
  • Automated Website Backup
  • SSL Certificates (For securing the website)

You can purchase both of these services from Bluehost.

Difference between a domain name and web hosting

Domain name is an address of your home and web hosting is space of your house where you place the things.

I discussed “To understanding website, Domain name, and Web hosting” and I Hope you have understood.

If you would like my post share with friends and give your valuable feedback on this post in the comment section.

Next topic I would like to explain “What is web servers & web hosting” in detail.

Post Author: AK DigiHub

AK Digihub is the Blog of Arishna Digital Communications, Which is a subsidiary company of KAP System Pvt Ltd.

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